As their name suggests, oscillating indicators are indicators that move back and forth as prices rise and fall. Oscillating indicators can help you decide how strong a current trend is and warn when that trend is in danger of losing momentum and being reversed.
When an oscillating indicator moves too high, the share or CFD is considered to be ‘overbought’ (too many people have bought it and there are not enough buyers left in the market to push the price higher). This indicates the upward trend is at risk of losing momentum-causing the trend to reverse or the price to stagnate.
When an oscillating indicator moves too low, the share or CFD is considered to be ‘oversold’ (too many people have sold it and there are not enough sellers left in the market to depress the price). This indicates the downward trend is at risk of losing momentum-causing the trend to reverse or the price to stagnate.
The moving average convergence/divergence (MACD) is an oscillating indicator developed by Gerald Appel. It can indicate when trading momentum changes from being bullish to bearish and vice versa. The MACD can also indicate when traders are becoming over-extended, which usually results in a trend reversal for the share or CFD.
The MACD is usually plotted below the price movement on a chart.
The moving average convergence/divergence compares a series of moving averages and their relationships. The standard MACD looks at the relationship between the 12-period and 26-period exponential moving averages of a share or CFD. When the 12-period moving average is above the 26-period moving average, the MACD line will be positive. If the 12-period moving average is below the 26-period moving average, the MACD line will be negative (see Figure 5).
The MACD line is accompanied by a trigger line. This line is a 9-period exponential moving average of the MACD line.
Volume indicators provide a very different kind of indicator because, instead of relying solely on the price, they take volume into account. Prices tell you in which direction an investment is moving...
The Relative Strength Index (RSI) is an oscillator that measures a particular financial instrument's current relative strength compared to its own price history...
The slow stochastic is an oscillating indicator. Developed by George Lane , it can alert you to a shift of investor sentiment from bullish to bearish or vice versa...
Company fundamentals, such as the amount of money the companies earns and how efficiently they utilise their resources, drive the share and CFD markets...
Typically short-term, speculative trades are generally coupled to major market events such as central bank interest-rate decisions and company results.