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Closing out 2021 - what to look out for in 2022


22 December 2021 Written by Chris Weston  Pepperstone Head of Research Chris Weston

2022 will offer new challenges when navigating markets, while some familiar ones, such as inflation and central bank divergence, will continue to drive FX trends. I've refrained from making predictions for 2022 – they can be useful for investors to know where to position portfolios, but I see little value or edge for traders. What's important is identifying the core themes that may be prevalent and reconciling how the market is reacting and responding to them.

Ultimately, I want to assess the probability of trending conditions in which we can hold exposures through or take the timeframe in and scalp in and out of. It will also have huge ramifications for volatility and range expansion/contraction, which affects all of us who are active.

With some scope for movement until the turn of the year, it’s been the Chinese Yuan which has been the strongest currency in 2021. However, taking the focus to G10 FX, it’s been the USD that has rallied vs all currencies this year – recall, the broad consensus at the end of 2020 was for a weaker USD – the view was EURUSD would rally to 1.2400 by Q421, with calls ranging from 1.3000 to 1.1500 - So at 1.1280, no FX strategist really came that close. The consensus for the USD index was 88 and we now see 96.50 in our sights.

Somewhat ironically, in late 2019 forecasters were widely bullish on the USD going into 2020, and ultimately in 2020 we saw the USD fall vs all major currencies except the ZAR and MXN.

EURUSD forecasts with high, median, and low calls

Looking ahead and the median call from strategists (who supplied forecasts to Bloomberg) for Q4 2022 and we see EURUSD at 1.16, AUDUSD at 0.75, GBPUSD at 1.38 and USDJPY at 115. So calls on the USD are quite nuanced and there is not the one-sided view we may have had in years gone by. The spread in calls for EURUSD (by Q4) ranging from 1.23 to 1.05.

Positioning must play a part here and recall the market is long of USDs and very short of AUD and EUR. The consensus call for crude is $66.96 and $1800 in XAUUSD and 5200 in S&P 500.

I think these can be widely dismissed and are not helpful for short-term traders, as given the evolving dynamics markets could really go anywhere – our job as traders is to have an open mind, not fall in love with a view and trade the tape as per the strategy.

So what is key for 2022?

FX volatility to make a genuine comeback. Central banks, bar the PBoC, seem to have shifted from ultra-predictable policy settings, which has radically suppressed FX volatility. Perhaps led by the BoE, the Fed and others have joined the party injecting surprise and uncertainty into policy settings, which seems unlikely to go away unless we see a shock to the system. In theory, this change in central bank stance should lead to a year of higher volatility and movement in FX markets.

Central bank policy normalisation is the core theme – the Fed actions will dominate and while we’ve seen short-term pockets of volatility in Q3/Q4, the visibility to too uncertain to really make a call on markets – especially if the Fed are not only going to start hiking, but potentially actively talk up reducing its $8.76t balance sheet. This is what's priced, but the big surprise would be if the Fed were forced to radically pivot – the markets can be brutal when they want to be.

Geopolitics and politics will again play a greater role – we have a raft of major political events in LATAM, France and of course the US Mid-Terms. Traders typically tend to be woeful at pricing risk around major political events and hence we tend to get great volatility as a result.

Hopefully, Covid becomes less of a concern from humanity, subsequently realising greater animal spirits into global economics – hope is not a strategy though and of course the optimist in me questions if an aggressive spread with low severe cases proves ultimately to be a positive event for humanity and markets. May it be so.

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