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Currency trading made clear: an Octa guide

In the world of finance, there are many trading markets and assets, each with its own unique features. Today, we will explore the Forex market and how one can profit from trading currencies. Whether you are a seasoned trader or a novice stepping into the world of currency trading, understanding the intricacies of the Forex market is pivotal to navigating its waters successfully and reaping financial rewards.

In keeping up with its clarity principle, the international broker Octa clarifies one aspect of trading at a time. Learn everything you need to know about currency trading, simply and transparently...

What is the currency market (Forex)?

The foreign exchange market is a decentralised or 'over-the-counter' (OTC) market that establishes the exchange rate for currencies worldwide. It is the world's largest financial market, consisting of a worldwide network of financial centres operating 24 hours a day, pausing only on weekends.

The diverse variety of currency pairs, coupled with the market's inherent volatility, offer numerous possibilities for traders to earn profits by speculating on the fluctuations in currency values.

Trading volumes

The Forex market is known for its massive liquidity, being the largest financial market globally. According to the 2022 BIS quarterly review,  trading volumes in this market often exceed $7.5 trillion per day, allowing for constant buying and selling of currencies.

Market participants

Various participants populate the Forex landscape, each with unique roles and objectives.

Currency trading made clear: an Octa guide

Forex trading contracts

Forex traders utilise several instruments to manoeuvre through the market effectively:

Major and minor currency pairs

In the Forex market, currency pairs are categorised into majors and minors.

Major currency pairs:

These major pairs are the most traded globally, characterised by high liquidity and lower spreads due to the involvement of the U.S. Dollar. They constitute a significant market share in the Forex market, and beginners often prefer them.

Conversely, minor currency pairs, also known as cross-currency pairs, do not involve the U.S. Dollar. Examples of minor pairs include EUR/GBP (Euro/British Pound), EUR/AUD (Euro/Australian Dollar), and GBP/JPY (British Pound/Japanese Yen). Minors can offer diverse trading opportunities and allow for trading diversification, but they often come with lower liquidity and higher spreads compared to majors. Traders typically explore minor pairs as they accrue more experience and pursue varying currency values and volatility levels.

The choice between trading major or minor pairs should align with the individual's trading strategy, risk tolerance, and comprehensive market knowledge.

Types of analyses in Forex trading

Traders deploy a mixture of analysis methods to strategise their trading orders:

Fundamental analysis

Technical analysis

Sentiment analysis

Risks in Forex trading

The Forex market, while lucrative, is fraught with risks that traders need to manage meticulously:

To navigate through these risks, traders employ risk management strategies that involve setting Stop Loss and Take Profit orders, and conducting thorough research and analysis. A robust risk management strategy is pivotal in mitigating losses and safeguarding trading capital.

Pros and сons of trading in the Forex market

Like any form of trading, currency trading has its own set of advantages and disadvantages.

Advantages of currency trading

Disadvantages of currency trading

Currencies' exchange rates are influenced by numerous factors, including interest rates, economic data, political developments, and overall market sentiment. Changes in inflation rates and differences in economic growth between countries can also have substantial impacts. It's important to assess and include those different factors in your trading strategies.

Five tips for Forex trading

To thrive in the fast-paced Forex market, traders should embrace certain practices and methodologies.


Currency trading in the Forex market presents vast opportunities intertwined with inherent risks. In this guide, Octa has presented the key aspects of the Forex market, providing a comprehensive overview of its structure, participants, and the various instruments and strategies that can be employed to navigate it effectively. Understanding the distinctive features of this dynamic market and the multitude of factors influencing currency values is crucial for both novice and seasoned traders aiming to achieve consistent profitability.

By embracing clarity and providing transparent, in-depth insights, Octa aims to equip every trader with the knowledge and tools they need to navigate the Forex market effectively and to make trading a rewarding experience. Whether you are stepping into the world of currency trading for the first time or looking to refine your trading skills, keeping up-to-date with the market dynamics, staying disciplined, and adhering to your trading principles are the keys to unlocking success in the fascinating world of Forex trading.

Octa is an international broker that has been providing online trading services worldwide since 2011. It offers commission-free access to financial markets and various services already utilised by clients from 180 countries with more than 42 million trading accounts. Free educational webinars, articles, and analytical tools they provide help clients reach their investment goals.
The company is involved in a comprehensive network of charitable and humanitarian initiatives, including the improvement of educational infrastructure and short-notice relief projects supporting local communities. Octa has also won more than 60 awards since its foundation, including the ‘Best Online Broker Global 2022’ award from World Business Outlook and the ‘Best Global Broker Asia 2022’ award from International Business Magazine.

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